What you eat and the way it affects your body depend very much on the kind of person you are. For one thing, the genes you inherit from your parents can determine how your metabolism deals with particular foods. The tendency to put on weight rather easily, for example, often runs in families – which means they have to take particular care. But there are certain unhealthy eating habits which you can avoid. One of these is skipping breakfast. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day, but when you have to rush to work or school in the mornings it's easy to neglect it. Doing so not only drains you of energy, but also makes it more likely that you will eat snacks during the day. Skipping breakfast also confuses your metabolism, causing you to burn fewer calories. So, if you are trying to lose weight, skipping breakfast is not a good idea. “Bingeing” or eating large amounts of food in one session is another unhealthy eating habit that you should avoid. Do you tend to skip meals, then eat a lot in the next meal to compensate? Do you fill yourself with junk food during the weekend after a week of dieting? Do you often continue eating even though you are full? These are signs that you are a habitual binger. Eating several small meals in a day helps you to avoid bingeing. If you eat while watching TV, while working, or while reading then you are also developing an unhealthy eating behavior. When you eat while doing other activities, you become unable to measure how much you eat. As a result, you tend to overeat without knowing it. You should try to have a specific time and place for eating.
Read the text and the instructions to the questions very carefully. Answer all the questions in English.
1. Write a summary of the text in English, including the most important points, using your own words whenever possible (approximately 50 words, 1 point).
2. Find words or phrases in the text that correspond in meaning to the following (1 point: 0.25 each):
- a) get fat
- b) not having, omitting
- c) hurry (verb)
- d) go on
3. Complete the second sentence of each pair so that it has the same meaning as the first one (2 points: 0.5 points each)
- a) The genes you inherit from your parents can determine how your metabolism deals with particular foods.
- How your metabolism deals with particular foods …….
- b) Do you fill yourself with junk food during the weekend after a week of dieting?
- The author asks the reader whether ……..
- c) Eating several small meals in a day helps you to avoid bingeing.
- You can avoid bingeing if ……
- d) You should have a specific time and place for eating.
- The writer advises us ………
4. Answer the following questions in your own words, as far as possible. Your answer must be based on the information given in the text. (2 points: 1 point each).
- a) In what ways can you try to avoid putting on weight?
- b) Why is it a good thing to have a specific time and place for eating?
5. Is personal appearance important? Why? Why not? (Approximately 120 words; 3 points).
1. The text talks about unhealthy eating habits which make us put on weight. Although there exist genetic factors that influence how our bodies deal with food, we should avoid skipping breakfast, binge eating, or eating while doing other activities which prevent us from controlling how much we eat.
3. a) How your metabolism deals with particular foodscan be determined by the genes you inherit from your parents.
b) The author asks the reader whether he/she fills him/herself with junk food during the weekend after a week of dieting.
4. a) By not skipping breakfast/always having breakfast, not bingeing/eating small meals during the day, and not eating while (you are) doing something else/ other things/ having a fixed time and place to eat/for eating.