Receiving a birthday telegram from the Queen is a special event, but it is becoming more common all the time. Today, around 10,000 people in the UK are centenarians, or people aged one hundred years or older. A future monarch will be very busy penning birthday congratulations because the prediction is that by 2050, there will be a quarter of a million centenarians.
We know there are certain places in the world where many people already live to one hundred and beyond. They retain good health into very old age with lower rates of heart disease, cancer and dementia. Some famous examples include Okinawa and Sicily.
Why does this happen, and how can we increase our chances of a long and healthy life? Dr Lynne Corner, a researcher in ageing at Newcastle University has informed about the latest clues that scientists have found.
First of all, it may help to have the right genes. But the potential to live a long life is a complicated mix of genes and other factors that keep us healthier. We can't control our inherited traits, but we can all still benefit from adopting some of the habits and lifestyles for a healthy older age. For example, it helps to follow the so-called Mediterranean diet, which is high in fruit and vegetables. It is low in fat and salt and includes only modest amounts of meat. In the places mentioned above, everyone also stays active, even in very old age. They walk, dance and tend gardens, with daily exercise outdoors in the fresh air. And it also helps to live in very sociable communities, where families and friendship are an important part of everyday life.
I. READING COMPREHENSION
CHOOSE AND WRITE THE CORRECT OPTION (A, B, C or D)
1. The Queen sends birthday telegrams...
- (a) to people in Okinawa and Sicily.
- (b) to people under the age of one hundred years.
- (c) to centenarians.
- (d) to a quarter of a million people.
2. Dr Lynne Corner has informed...
- (a) about the scientists at Newcastle University.
- (b) about the right genes.
- (c) about new discoveries by scientists in her field.
- (d) about her research on ageing.
ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR PHRASES FROMTHE TEXT
3. In the future more people will reach the age of 100.
4. We can live a long life if we have the right genes.
5. The Mediterranean diet includes a considerable amount of meat.
6. The text says that social isolation may lead to a longer life.
II. USE OF ENGLISH
7. FIND IN THE TEXT THE OPPOSITE FOR “low”.
8. GIVE AN ADJECTIVE WITH THE SAME ROOT AS “prediction” (noun).
9. FIND IN THE TEXT ONE SYNONYM FOR “care for”(verb).
10. CHOOSE THE CORRECT PREPOSITION: with/ for/ about/ of”
- “My grandad was pleased with his birthday cake”.
11.FIND IN THE TEXT THE WORD WHICH HAS THE FOLLOWING DEFINITION: “possessed by genetic transmission”
12.WHICH WORD DOES NOT HAVE THE SAME MEANING?:
- feature / trait / characteristic/ habit
13. REWRITE THE SENTENCE WITHOUT CHANGING ITS MEANING. BEGIN AS INDICATED:
The Queen sends birthday telegrams to many people.
14. JOIN THE SENTENCES USING A RELATIVE. MAKE CHANGES IF NECESSARY.
The new shop sells fruit and vegetables. It opened last week.
15. FILL IN THE GAP WITH THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB IN BRACKETS:
- Her speech made me cry (cry).
16. REWRITE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE WITHOUT CHANGING ITS MEANING. BEGIN AS INDICATED
Nobody arrived in time since the flight was delayed.
- Because of the flight delay, nobody arrived in time.
17.GIVE A QUESTION FOR THE UNDERLINED WORDS:
There are about 10,000 centenarians in the UK.
18. WRITE A COMPOSITION OF APPROXIMATELY 120 WORDS ABOUT THE TOPIC PROPOSED. YOU MUST FOCUS STRICTLY ON IT:
- What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of living up to 100 years of age?