Even thirty minutes of exposure to other people’s smoke, while eating in a restaurant or sitting in an office, might be enough to trigger a fatal heart attack for those at risk, the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta said.
It is the first time the US government agency in charge of protecting the nation’s health has told non-smokers that they should not enter buildings or enclosed places where other people are smoking. The warning comes in the wake of growing evidence that, in addition to the wellknown long-term effects of smoking in causing heart disease and cancer, toxins in tobacco smoke also have rapid short-term effects in causing the blood to clot.
The UK Department of Health said yesterday that it had consistently said smoke-free policies were the ideal and had drawn attention in leaflets to immediate effects of second-hand smoke on the heart. A spokeswoman said: "People with heart conditions do need to take extra precautions."
The Independent, 27th April 2004, p. 16
I. Answer the following questions using your own words
a. What effects do smoking and tobacco smoke have on people’s health?
- a) (parag. 3) …in addition to the well-known long-term effects of smoking in causing heart disease and cancer, toxins in tobacco smoke also have rapid short-term effects in causing the blood to clot.
b. What kind of information has the UK Department of Health printed?
- b) (paragraph 4) …and had drawn attention in leaflets to immediate effects of second-hand smoke on the heart.
II. Are the following statements true (T) or false (F)?
- a. Being exposed to smoke for half an hour is enough to cause a heart attack if you are at risk. True
- b. Non-smokers are not affected by other people’s smoke. False
III. Find a word or expression in the text which, in context, is similar in meaning to:
IV. Choose a, b, or c, in each question below. Only one choice is correct
1. In the US, smoking in buildings is…
- a) completely forbidden
- b) sometimes forbidden
- c) always allowed
2. What short-term effects does tobacco smoke have on health?
- a) It causes heart disease.
- b) It only causes cancer.
- c) It causes blood clot.
3. Second-hand smoke has…
- a) no immediate effects on health.
- b) no immediate effects on people who don’t smoke.
- c) immediate effects on health.
4. What kind of people have to be extremely cautious with smoke?
- a) People working for the US government health agency.
- b) People with heart disease.
- c) People with cancer.