Across the world this year, more than half a million mothers will lose their lives in pregnancy or childbirth — almost all in poorer countries. One death every minute. For every mother that dies, 30 other women are left suffering from injuries and disabilities as a result of complications in childbirth. The scale of this tragedy becomes even more horrific when we consider two facts.
First, that despite all the progress the world has made over the past 20 years, the number of mothers dying in childbirth remains exactly the same as in the mid-1980s.
Second, that almost every one of these deaths is totally preventable. They are not deaths caused by killer diseases; they happen because there are no instruments to stop a mother's bleeding or no health workers to use them. They also occur because many mothers who give birth on the floor, or are treated with dirty equipment, are vulnerable to infections, and there are no medicines to cure them.
With a global shortage of four million skilled birth attendants, half of the women in the world still give birth alone, or at home with only a neighbour to help.
Saving the lives of mothers is one of the most crucial steps towards achieving some of the vital goals of global development, together with cutting infant mortality rates, and educating and vaccinating all children. It is the mothers who survive that feed their children, get them into a school and take them for their vaccinations. By contrast, children who have lost their mothers are almost five times more likely to die in infancy.
I. READING COMPREHENSION
ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN WORDS.
- 1 Why do women in poorer countries give birth alone? PAR. 4
- 2 Why are the children who live with their mothers safer? Give at least two reasons. PAR.5
ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR PHRASES FROM THE TEXT, OR USE YOUR OWN WORDS.
3 In childbirth, there are more women dying than women who survive with injuries and complications.
4 The number of deaths at childbirth has been reduced after the mid-eighties.
5 Lack of hygiene is one of the factors causing death at childbirth.
6 Motherless children are more likely to suffer an early death.
II. USE OF ENGLISH
7 FIND IN THETEXT ONE SYNONYM FOR "illness" (NOUN).
8 WHICH WORD IS NOT AN ADJECTIVE?
- friendly / likely / lovely / quickly
9 FIND IN THE TEXT ONE OPPOSITE FOR "excess" (NOUN).
10 GIVE AN ADJECTIVE WITH THE SAME ROOT AS "achieve" (VERB).
11 TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE INTO THE ACTIVE VOICE:
"All these deaths could have been avoided by health workers".
12 FILL IN THE GAP WITH THE CORRECT OPTION:
"When he heard the police coming, he finally let his prisoner..."
- to escape / escaping / escape / escaped
13 REWRITE THE SENTENCE WITHOUT CHANGING ITS MEANING. BEGIN AS INDICATED:
"Underdeveloped countries are too poor to have a good health system"
- "Underdeveloped countries are not rich enough to have a good health system.
14 GIVE A QUESTION FOR THE UNDERLINED WORDS:
"The yellow parcel is for me."