How racist is Britain? - PAU inglés C.Valenciana 2009

>Exámenes selectividad inglés Comunidad Valenciana resueltos

How racist is Britain?In Britain, social and ethnic division is a plain fact. Ethnic minority populations concentrate in particular areas. Although mixed-race marriages are on the rise, they still comprise only 2% of all marriages. For the most part, people mix and marry with people mainly of their own cultural background, as determined by a combination of country, family origin or religion. 
Britain is a patchwork of almost hermetically sealed sub-worlds, in which class as much as race is a crucial factor. We all like to feel that we are open-minded people who can be friends with anyone, and we can also probably find a few examples of friends who do not match our demographic profile to prove our lack of insularity. But if we are honest, the vast majority live, work and socialise overwhelmingly with people of a similar social type. And the opportunities to mix are limited because many areas remain deeply inhospitable to “outsiders”.
Besides, well-intentioned promotion of multiculturalism can actually exacerbate the paranoid feeling of Britishness being under threat. When people are informed by local and national governments that they ought to embrace minority cultures more than they do, they feel they are being told that their own way of life simply isn’t good enough.
This is all clearly bad news for optimistic multiculturalists, and some will think that it suggests a negative view of human nature. On this view, the best we can hope for is little tension between communities by means of mutual tolerance. But toleration implies putting up with something you don’t much like, not embracing difference.
Julian Baggini, The Guardian, 23-1-2007



I. Answer the following questions using your own words but taking into account the information in the text.
a. Which facts indicate that Britain is socially and ethnically divided?
b. Why are opportunities to mix with other people limited in Britain?

II. Are the following statements true (T) or false (F)? Identify the part of the text that supports
your answer by copying the exact words on the answer sheet.

a. In Britain people prefer to mix with people of similar backgrounds.
b. People do not think that other cultures are a menace to Britishness.
c. Toleration is not a positive term for multiculturalism.

III. Find a synonym for each of the four words below from these six options:
plain on the rise mainly vast similar deeply

IV. Choose a, b, or c, in each question below. Only one choice is correct.
1. Britain is…
2. In Britain…
3. The promotion of multiculturalism…


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