Ancient Roman society - PAU Galicia 2008

>Exámenes selectividad inglés Galicia resueltos


Spartacus: Ancient Roman societyRoman women, although they were never given legal independence, still had a high status. They were all their lives under the control of their husbands, but the Roman mother was the head of her family. “We Romans,” said Cato, “rule the world, but our wives rule us.” The Romans were the first to celebrate Mother’s Day, and their religion reflected the importance of the family in their culture. Each family conducted its own religious rites, the father acting as the family’s priest. Romans believed in the gods, tradition, the family and the state.
The father’s power over the children did not end when they became adults, and was absolute, including life and death. The system was inflexible and didn’t allow any change, and lasted more than a thousand years. The oppression of children by their fathers was nothing, however, compared with the position of the plebeians, who had practically no rights. A plebeian could be arrested and executed by a patrician without a trial, and, if their masters died, they were sold into slavery.
In time, the plebeians gained the right to own land, to marry with higher classes and to pass their own laws. The Twelve Tables (450BC) marked the beginning of a period of “uniform law for all”. No plebeian could be executed by the magistrates without an appeal to an assembly of all Roman citizens. Later, rich plebeians formed an alliance with some patricians and a new aristocracy emerged.

RESPUESTAS

READING COMPREHENSION


1. Write a summary of the text in English, including the most important points, using your own words whenever possible (maximum 50 words).


2. Explain in English the meaning of the following expressions as used in the text.

a) they were sold into slavery means people bought them and they became slaves.

3. Complete the second sentence of each pair so that it has the same meaning as the first one.

a) The father’s power over the children did not end when they became adults.
b) The system allowed little opportunity for change, and lasted over a thousand years.
c) A plebeian could be arrested and executed by a patrician without a trial.
d) The system was inflexible and didn’t allow any change.

4. Answer the following questions in your own words.


WRITING

5. Do you like learning history? Do you think it is useful? Give reasons. (Approximately 120 words)


+EXÁMENES RESUELTOS

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