Boys and girls - PAU Valencia 2003

>Exámenes selectividad inglés Comunidad Valenciana resueltos

Cute boy&girl couple
Source: Skin&Blis
Boys tend to play outside, in large groups that are hierarchically structured. Their groups have a leader who tells others what to do and how to do it, and resists doing what other boys propose. It is by giving orders that high status is negotiated. Another way boys achieve status is to take centre stage by telling stories and jokes, and by challenging the stories and jokes of others. Boys´games have winners and losers and elaborate systems of rules that are frequently the subjects of arguments. Finally, boys are frequently heard to boast about their skills, likes and possessions, and argue about who is best at what.
Girls, on the other hand, play in small groups or pairs. The centre of a girl´s social life is her best friend. Within the group, intimacy is key: differentiation is measured by relative closeness. In their most frequent games, such as jump rope and hopscotch, everyone gets a turn. Many of their activities (such as playing with dolls) do not have winners or losers. Although some girls are certainly more skilled than others, girls are expected not to boast about it, or show that they think they are better than the others. Girls don´t give orders: they express their preferences as suggestions, and suggestions are likely t be accepted.
Martin, N. (2000). “Women must wait 15 years for equality on housework”



I . Answer the following questions using your own words:
1. What do boys frequently argue about?
2. Why does everybody get a turn in girls´ games?

II. Are the following statements true (T) or false (F)?
  • 1. Boys often boast about their abilities. True
  • 2. Girls´ activities are highly competitive. False

III. Find a word or phrase in the text which, in context, is similar in meaning to ...
  • 1. humorous or funny anecdotes: jokes
  • 2. abilities: skills

IV. Choose a, b, c or d in each question below. Only one choice is correct.
1. Boys gain leadership by...
2. Boys often argue about...
3. Girls usually play ...
4. Girls...


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