PAU Galicia 2015 inglés - The Polite Society

>Exámenes selectividad inglés Galicia resueltos


Ian Gregory - The Polite Society - PAU Galicia 2015 inglésWhen  was  the  last  time  you  stopped  to  have  a  friendly  chat  with  your  neighbour,  or  paused  to open  the door for someone, or gave up your seat on the bus to an elderly person? If you have to stop to think, then it was too long ago.
Ian Gregory, the founder of the Polite Society, is the sort of person who does it every day and thinks that the world would be a better place if we all did the same. What we need, he says, is a touch more courtesy. Our society is full of rude, inconsiderate and selfish people who wouldn’t give you the time of day even if your life depended on it. He’s absolutely right, of course, but isn’t that “a sign of the times”? Well,  he  thinks there is  something  that  is  going  wrong  with  the  way  we  live  our  lives  and  interact  with one another, especially  on  the  roads,  where  an  estimated  47  per  cent  of  accidents  can  be  traced  back  to some act of discourtesy.
There is nothing that legislation can do about this; there’s nothing that money can do about it either. You can’t impose a personality on a nation and say: “Well, let’s all be nicer to one another”. But the only way you  are going  to  get  anything  effective  done  about  it  is  if  you  persuade  enough  people  that  they  can  be happier, more successful individuals if they are more considerate to one another in their business, in their love lives, in their family lives, in everything.
You  see,  we  are  brilliant  at  discovering  things,  learning  how  to  use  computers,  etc.,  but  in  terms  of behaviour towards one another we are no better than cavemen.

READING COMPREHENSION

Read the text and the instructions to the questions very carefully. Answer all the questions in English.


1. Write a summary of the text in English, including the most important points, using your own words whenever possible. (approximately 50 words, 1 point)

2. Find words or phrases in the text that correspond in meaning to the following (1 point; 0.25 each)
  • a) class/ type
  • b) politeness
  • c) more pleasant
  • d) excellent.

3. Complete the  second sentence of each pair so that  it  has the same meaning as the first  one. (2 points;
0.5 each)
  • a) “Let’s all be nicer to one another,” he said.
    • He suggested ...
  • b) There is nothing that money can do about it.
    • Money can’t ...
  • c)You can’t impose a personality on a nation.
    • A personality...
  • d) We are brilliant at discovering things, but in terms of behaviour we are no better than cavemen.
    • Although .....

4. Answer the following questions in your own words, as far as possible. Your answer must be based on
the information given in the text. (2 points: 1 point each).
  • a) Why does the writer think that people today are no better than cavemen?
  • b) What specific example of the consequences of inconsiderate behaviour does the writer mention?

WRITING

5. How do you think  we as individuals should change our  everyday behaviour in order to  make a better
world? (Approximately 120 words; 3 points)


RESPUESTAS



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