How would we live in a world without oil? -PAU 2016 inglés Madrid resuelto

>Exámenes selectividad inglés resueltos C. Madrid

How would we live in a world without oil? -PAU 2016 inglés Madrid resueltoWhat would happen if our oil supply were shut off in a day? First, there is transportation. With the overwhelming majority of the oil we produce devoted to powering our vehicles, the impact on getting around would be most dramatic. Price-speculation would begin right away, and long lines would form at gas stations. Soon, we would all be looking for an electric car or converting our vehicles to run on natural gas. But it would not be long before natural gas supplies were also driven to extinction.
Fuel shortage is not the only problem our enslavement to black gold would cause. We also need to keep the lights on and blackouts would soon begin. It gets much worse still, of course, because a world without oil would quickly become a world without all of the products made from petroleum that we have come to know, love and depend upon. The list of essentials that we would soon be doing without is prodigious: medicines, paints, utensils and equipment, virtually all plastics, etc.
Eating would get tougher, too. If no one can truck fresh vegetables from across the country, we might be inclined to go back to basics and grow our own food. Local farmers would become a necessity, not just people who sell us honey at the street fair. It is an interesting thought experiment to picture such a world. Though the scenario is unreal, of course, taken to its logical conclusion, it encompasses so much more. A complete extinction of oil would lead to a rapid breakdown of society, desperation, lawlessness, wars and untold suffering.



1.- Are the following statements TRUE or FALSE? Copy the evidence from the text. No marks are given for only TRUE or FALSE.
a) Most petroleum supply goes to producing plastics and medicines.
b) If fuel suddenly disappeared, our daily life would be affected but social order would remain intact.
2.- In your own words and based on the ideas in the text, answer the following questions. Do not copy from the text.
a) Give two consequences that a lack of oil would have on transportation.
b) What consequences would oil extinction have on our eating habits?


3.- Find the words in the text that mean:
4.- Complete the following sentences. Use the appropriate form of the word in brackets when given.
  • a) You can save money by growing (grow) fruits and vegetables; it’s actually much simpler than it sounds.
  • b) Last year, a research team found (find) signs that the amount of oil left in the world’s reserves has decreased significantly (significant) since the 1990s!
  • c) By growing food organically, that is to say, without pesticides or herbicides, you’re not only ensuring the quality of your products, but also growing healthier food.
  • d) What would happen if oil ran (run) out in 100 years?


5.- Write about 100 to 150 words on the following topic.
  • What should local authorities do to improve transport and mobility in large cities?


2 comentarios:

  1. Las respuestas deberían estar abajo para poder practicar... Aún así gracias

    1. Hola Miguel
      Tú junto con otr@s usuari@s nos habéis hecho esta petición, por esta razón las nuevas entradas las estamos estructurando ya de esta forma.
      Gracias por tu colaboración y mucha suerte en los exámenes :)


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