“Alien” is a word used to refer to beings from other worlds. Do aliens exist on Earth? No one knows the answer for sure, but it is a question that has been debated for ages. If history is to be believed, aliens have been a subject of mysticism in civilizations of places such as India, China, Babylon, South America and Arabia. The external appearance of aliens is also a much discussed matter: they have been depicted as green monsters, small creatures with arms and legs like humans, tiny viruses or beings that change appearance at will.
Many people nowadays, including well-known scientists such as Carl Sagan or Frank Drake, are tireless propagators of the theory that aliens are in fact regular visitors to Earth. This theory is supported by many reported alien sightings. For example, a person waiting at St Martin airport claimed to see fire in the sky; the fire suddenly transformed into a silver ball, moved over him like a jet and vanished in a few seconds. And two brothers in Chile said that they saw a humanoid creature about 80 cm tall, shiny and red, who resembled a child wearing a driver’s suit.
However, others believe that aliens are just figments of imagination. This view also has scientists on its side, such as Enrico Fermi. He proposed the famous “Fermi paradox”, which states that there is an apparent contradiction between the strong belief in the existence of extraterrestrial civilizations and the present lack of solid evidence for, or contact with, such civilizations.
Putting the two views together, we cannot be sure if aliens are real unless and until we have strong evidence about their existence.
I. READING COMPREHENSION
1.- Are the following statements TRUE or FALSE? Copy the evidence from the text. No marks are given for only TRUE or FALSE.
- a) The hypothesis that there are aliens on Earth is sustained by lots of witnesses.
- b) The strange figure described in the text that looked like a small person seemed to be naked.
2.- In your own words and based on the ideas in the text, answer the following questions. Do not copy from the text.
- a) How are aliens described in the text? Mention four different characteristics.
- b) Explain the view of the scientist who does not believe in the presence of aliens on Earth.
II. USE OF ENGLISH3.- Find the words in the text that mean:
- a) described (paragraph 1): depicted
- b) presently (paragraph 2): nowadays
- c) disappeared (paragraph 2): vanished
- d) only (paragraph 3): just
4.- Complete the following sentences. Use the appropriate form of the word in brackets when given.
- a) If my father had not believed (not believe) in aliens, he would have never listened to that radio programme on extraterrestrial life.
- b) My friend Jim, whose wife is a scientist, likes the paradox proposed by Enrico Fermi.
- c) How much / many euros (or any other currency) did you pay for that book about aliens? Oh, nothing. It was given (give) to me as a birthday present!
- d) When my brother talked to me about the appearance of a strange creature yesterday, I thought (think) he had gone mad.
5.- Write about 100 to 150 words on the following topic.
Do you think that aliens have ever been on Earth? Give reasons for your answer.
- Free answer