Cleopatra was not killed by a snake - PAU 2011 inglés Madrid

>Exámenes selectividad inglés resueltos C. Madrid

Cleopatra's death
The Queen of the Nile ended her life in 30 BC. According to legend, it was the bite of an Egyptian cobra which caused her death. After losing the Battle of Actium, her Roman lover, Mark Antony, is said to have committed suicide. Cleopatra did likewise, according to tradition, by killing herself. Her legacy survives in numerous works of art and the many dramatizations of her story in literature and other media. Cleopatra is usually portrayed as a great beauty and her successive conquests of the world's most powerful men are taken to be proof of her aesthetic and sexual appeal.
Now Christoph Schaefer, a German historian and professor at the University of Trier, has presented evidence on a television programme that drugs and not a snake were the cause of death. He said that the bite of a snake would have given her an agonizing death over several days. "Queen Cleopatra was famous for her beauty and was unlikely to have subjected herself to a long and disfiguring death," said Schaefer, the author of a best-selling book in Germany called Cleopatra.
"Cleopatra wanted to remain beautiful in her death to maintain her myth. The last female Pharaoh probably took a lethal cocktail, which, back then, was a well-known mixture that led to a painless death within just a few hours. We consulted eminent zoologists and toxicologists and they said that a snake bite would have been too uncertain and taken too long," Professor Schaefer added.



1.- Are the following statements TRUE or FALSE? Copy the evidence from the text. No marks are given for only TRUE or FALSE.
a) Professor Schaefer's new hypothesis about the cause of Cleopatra's death was made known through a specialized magazine.
b) Experts in poisons told Schaefer that a snake bite causes immediate death. 

2.- In your own words and based on the ideas in the text, answer the following questions. Do not copy from the text.
a) Why is Mark Antony mentioned in the text?
b) What made Professor Schaefer think that a snake bite was not the cause of Cleopatra's death?


3.- Find the words or phrases in the text that mean:

  4.- Complete the following sentences. Use the appropriate form of the word in brackets when given.
  • a) The popular image we have of Cleopatra is that of a beautiful queen who/that was adored by Roman politicians and generals.
  • b) An old coin with the image of Cleopatra shows/showed (show) that she may not have been as attractive as/as was first thought.
  • c) The coin, which was hidden (hide) in a bank vault, accidentally fell on/to/onto the floor of the bank after a robbery.
  • d) Shakespeare wrote (write) his tragedy Antony and Cleopatra in 1608, but it was first printed fifteen years later (late).


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