Climate scientists are telling us that the earth is warming, we are causing it, and we should reduce carbon dioxide emissions to lessen the effects. So what should we do? Firstly, we should either use less energy or use renewable energy sources, like solar panels. These panels are now providing energy in Europe more cheaply than nuclear generators, and without the waste products. In Australia, peak energy demand is on hot summer days, when solar energy is most abundant. So, it makes sense to use solar energy to help meet this peak demand.
Most importantly, we must stop listening to disinformation. Arguments that deny the existence of climate change have been repeatedly shown to be false and misleading. Claims that climate change is a hoax, or a conspiracy, or that climate scientists have deceived the public, is an inversion of the truth.
Climate change denial is false propaganda. As a matter of fact, ninety-seven percent of scientists agree that climate change is happening. The time for skepticism about climate change has passed. However, people should be encouraged to critically examine evidence and motivations. Thousands of scientists can’t have been fabricating evidence and theory for over a hundred years in a conspiracy. Perhaps there is a hidden reason. Maybe some industries could be sponsoring a disinformation campaign, because they will lose billions of dollars in profits if people use less or alternative forms of energy. Keep in mind that the cost of prevention now is less than the cost of trying to fix the damage later.
I. READING COMPREHENSION
1. Are the following statements TRUE or FALSE? Copy the evidence from the text. No marks are given for only TRUE or FALSE.
a) In Australia, more energy is used in the winter
2. In your own words and based on the ideas in the text, answer the following questions. Do not copy from the text.
a) How can global warming be solved? Give at least two possible solutions.
- Global warming could be solved cutting down on energy consumption and using environmentally-friendly forms of energy.
- Industries based on traditional forms of energy fear to lose their economical power, that’s why they don’t want us to know much about climate change.
II. USE OF ENGLISH
3. Find the words in the text that mean:
- a) supplying (paragraph 1): providing
- b) maximum(paragraph 1): peak
- c) since (paragraph 3): because
- d) repair (paragraph 3): fix
4. Complete the following sentences.
Use the appropriate form of the word in brackets when given.
- a) The environment is a topic which/that many people are interested in.
- b) The electricity was cut (cut) off while we were listening to the radio.
- c) Last year I took (take) the bus to work instead of driving (drive) my car.
- d) Rewrite the following question, beginning with the words given.
- “Why should people use less energy?” they asked.
- They asked why people should use less energy.