PAU inglés Galicia 2015 - Once upon a time, fashion was only for the rich

>Exámenes selectividad inglés Galicia resueltos


Once upon a time, fashion was only for the richOnce upon a time, fashion was only for the rich. Paris was the centre of the fashion world, and everyone else  tried  to  copy  the  top  French  designers.  But  now,  fashion  is  a  much  more  international  matter. London,  like  other  big  European  cities,  has  a  large  number  of  its  own  talented  and  hard-working designers.
Anyway,  many  people,  especially  the  young, take  no  notice  of the  clothes  the  designers produce.  They wear  things  which  express  their  ideas  and  feelings  about  life.  They  use  fashion  like  a  kind  of  uniform. Take hairstyles, for example. If a boy has very short, almost shaven hair, people expect him to have right-wing politics whereas they expect boys with very long hair to have left-wing politics. A boy who wears a leather jacket covered in bits of metal will probably ride a motorbike, and a girl who wears Laura Ashley dresses will probably have middle-class ideas.
Some young people, of course, have fun with all the latest “street styles”. They cut their hair into strange shapes, wear lots of cheap jewellery, cut holes in their trousers to make them look old, or paint their lips blue. These “street styles” come and go, and are not the creation of the big fashion designers, who, in fact, often use ideas from street fashions when they make their own designs. Many young people simply try to look  as  clean  and  tidy  as  possible,  particularly  when  looking  for  a  job,  in  order  to  produce  a  good impression  on  possible  employers.  Clothes  with  a  sporty  look  are  popular,  as  they  make  people  look healthy and energetic.
Most British people are possibly not very fashion-conscious. Even the richest and most important people frequently wear old and untidy clothes, and, of course, only a very few can afford designer clothes.


READING COMPREHENSION

Read the text and the instructions to the questions very carefully. Answer all the questions in English.

1. Write a summary of the text in English, including the most important points, using your own words whenever possible (approximately 50 words, 1 point).

2. Find words or phrases in the text that correspond in meaning to the following  (1 point: 0.25 each)
  • a) Brilliant or with great ability, in the arts, for example.
  • b) To pay no attention to.
  • c) Ornaments worn by people, usually made of (precious) stones or metal.
  • d) People who give you a job.

3. Complete the second sentence of each pair so that it has the same meaning as the first one (2 points: 0.5 points each)
  • a) Paris was the centre of the fashion world.
    • Paris used ...
  • b) These “street styles” come and go, and are not the creation of the big fashion designers
    • These “street styles”, which...
  • c) People expect boys with very long hair to have left-wing politics
    • Boys ...
  • d) A girl who wears Laura Ashley dresses will probably have middle-class ideas.
    • The ideas of ...

4. Answer the following questions in your own words, as far as possible. Your answer must be based on the information given in the text. (2 points: 1 point each).
  • a) According to the text, what connection exists between “street styles” and fashion designers?
  • b) Where does the writer say is the centre of fashion today?

WRITING

5. What sort of clothes do you like wearing? Do you always wear the same type of clothes? (Approximately 120 words; 3 points).


RESPUESTAS

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