The British Red Cross is part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement—the world’s largest humanitarian network. It is a volunteer-led organisation that helps people in crisis, whoever and wherever they are.
In the UK, it has around 3,000 members of staff and a network of almost 30,000 volunteers. They respond immediately to emergencies both at home and overseas—from fires and floods in the UK to earthquakes and conflicts around the world. They try to help people involved in crisis situations.
In the last year, they have responded to many emergencies and disasters, such as the devastating floods in Pakistan, and most recently the crisis facing 10 million people in East Africa after the worst drought there for 60 years. In Pakistan the Red Cross has provided emergency relief, including food, shelter, clean water, cooking equipment and aid resources to more than two million people.
Here in the UK, there are trained volunteers to help people with the consequences of disasters that rarely make the news—for example, with care after a house fire or traffic accident, or when adapting to life back at home after a serious illness or a long stay in hospital.
In order to deliver this life-saving work, the British Red Cross relies on raising funds from a variety of sources, with more than half its income coming from donations from individuals. The recent economic recession has seen a drop in crucially needed donations to charity shops, which is why it will welcome anything that people might like to give.
I. READING COMPREHENSION
ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-3 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN WORDS.
1. Is there any difference in the kind of help that the British Red Cross offer in the UK and overseas? Explain.
- No, there isn't. The British Red Cross help people all around the world who face up to critical situations such as wars, political conflicts, famines or any kind of natural disasters.
2. What has been the worst emergency because of the lack of rain lately?
- The worst emergency the lack of rain has provoked took place in East Africa, where 10 million people suffered the worst drought in the last 60 years.
3. How are charity shops maintained?
ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR PHRASES FROM THE TEXT, OR USE YOUR OWN WORDS.
4. Most members in the British Red Cross work without being paid.
- TRUE: “It is a volunteer-led organisation that helps people in crisis, whoever and wherever they are”.
5. Private donations make up for less than half the income of the UK Red Cross.
- FALSE: “… the British Red Cross relies on raising funds from a variety of sources, with more than half its income coming from donations from individuals”.
II. USE OF ENGLISH
6. GIVE AN ADJECTIVE WITH THE SAME ROOT AS “world”.
7. FIND IN THE TEXT ONE SYNONYM FOR “catastrophic.”
8. WHICH WORD DOES NOT HAVE THE SAME MEANING?
- trained / prepared / appointed / instructed.
9. FIND IN THE TEXT THE WORD THAT HAS THE FOLLOWING DEFINITION: “all the people employed by a particular organization” (noun).
10. GIVE A QUESTION FOR THE UNDERLINED WORDS:
The British Red Cross has around 3,000 members of staff.
11. TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE INTO THE PASSIVE VOICE:
In Pakistan the Red Cross has provided emergency relief to more than two million people.
- Emergency relief has been provided to more than two million people by the Red Cross in Pakistan.
- More than two million people have been provided emergency relief by the Red Cross in Pakistan.
12. JOIN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES USING A RELATIVE. MAKE CHANGES IF NECESSARY:
One of my neighbours had an accident. He works in a hospital.
13. FILL IN THE GAP WITH A CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB IN BRACKETS:
- By the time the hurricane reached the coast, thousands of people had been evacuated (evacuate).